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Exercise 2.5 Page: 33

Solve the following linear equations.

1. x/2 – 1/5 = x/3 + ¼

Solution:

x/2 – 1/5 = x/3 + ¼

⇒ x/2 – x/3 = ¼+ 1/5

⇒ (3x – 2x)/6 = (5 + 4)/20

⇒ 3x – 2x = 9/20 × 6

⇒ x = 54/20

⇒ x = 27/10

2. n/2 – 3n/4 + 5n/6 = 21

Solution:

n/2 – 3n/4 + 5n/6 = 21

⇒ (6n – 9n + 10n)/12 = 21

⇒ 7n/12 = 21

⇒ 7n = 21 × 12

⇒ n = 252/7

⇒ n = 36

3. x + 7 – 8x/3 = 17/6 – 5x/2

Solution:

x + 7 – 8x/3 = 17/6 – 5x/2

⇒ x – 8x/3 + 5x/2 = 17/6 – 7

⇒ (6x – 16x + 15x)/6 = (17 – 42)/6

⇒ 5x/6 = – 25/6

⇒ 5x = – 25

⇒ x = – 5

4. (x – 5)/3 = (x – 3)/5

Solution:

(x – 5)/3 = (x – 3)/5

⇒ 5(x-5) = 3(x-3)

⇒ 5x-25 = 3x-9

⇒ 5x – 3x = -9+25

⇒ 2x = 16

⇒ x = 8

5. (3t – 2)/4 – (2t + 3)/3 = 2/3 – t

Solution:

(3t – 2)/4 – (2t + 3)/3 = 2/3 – t

⇒ ((3t – 2)/4) × 12 – ((2t + 3)/3) × 12

⇒ (3t – 2) × 3 – (2t + 3) × 4 = 2 × 4 – 12t

⇒ 9t – 6 – 8t – 12 = 8 – 12t

⇒ 9t – 6 – 8t – 12 = 8 – 12t

⇒ t – 18 = 8 – 12t

⇒ t + 12t = 8 + 18

⇒ 13t = 26

⇒ t = 2

6. m – (m – 1)/2 = 1 – (m – 2)/3

Solution:

m – (m – 1)/2 = 1 – (m – 2)/3

⇒ m – m/2 – 1/2 = 1 – (m/3 – 2/3)

⇒ m – m/2 + ½ = 1 – m/3 + 2/3

⇒ m – m/2 + m/3 = 1 + 2/3 – ½

⇒ m/2 + m/3 = ½ + 2/3

⇒ (3m + 2m)/6 = (3 + 4)/6

⇒ 5m/6 = 7/6

⇒ m = 7/6 × 6/5

⇒ m = 7/5

Simplify and solve the following linear equations.

7. 3(t – 3) = 5(2t + 1)

Solution:

3(t – 3) = 5(2t + 1)

⇒ 3t – 9 = 10t + 5

⇒ 3t – 10t = 5 + 9

⇒ -7t = 14

⇒ t = 14/-7

⇒ t = -2

8. 8. 15(y – 4) –2(y – 9) + 5(y + 6) = 0

Solution:

15(y – 4) –2(y – 9) + 5(y + 6) = 0

⇒ 15y – 60 -2y + 18 + 5y + 30 = 0

⇒ 15y – 2y + 5y = 60 – 18 – 30

⇒ 18y = 12

⇒ y = 12/18

⇒ y = 2/3

9. 3(5z – 7) – 2(9z – 11) = 4(8z – 13) – 17

Solution:

3(5z – 7) – 2(9z – 11) = 4(8z – 13) – 17

⇒ 15z – 21 – 18z + 22 = 32z – 52 – 17

⇒ 15z – 18z – 32z = -52 – 17 + 21 – 22

⇒ -35z = -70

⇒ z = -70/-35

⇒ z = 2

10. 0.25(4f – 3) = 0.05(10f – 9)

Solution:

0.25(4f – 3) = 0.05(10f – 9)

⇒ f – 0.75 = 0.5f – 0.45

⇒ f – 0.5f = -0.45 + 0.75

⇒ 0.5f = 0.30

⇒ f = 0.30/0.5

⇒ f = 3/5

⇒ f = 0.6