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### Exercise: 12.3 (Page No: 234)

1. Find the area of the shaded region in Fig. 12.19, if PQ = 24 cm, PR = 7 cm and O is the centre of the circle.

Solution:

Here, P is in the semi-circle and so,

P = 90°

So, it can be concluded that QR is hypotenuse of the circle and is equal to the diameter of the circle.

∴ QR = D

Using Pythagorean theorem,

QR= PR2+PQ2

Or, QR= 72+242

QR= 25 cm = Diameter

Hence, the radius of the circle = 25/2 cm

Now, the area of the semicircle = (πR2)/2

= (22/7)×(25/2)×(25/2)/2 cm2

= 13750/56 cm= 245.54 cm2

Also, area of the ΔPQR = ½×PR×PQ

=(½)×7×24 cm2

= 84 cm2

Hence, the area of the shaded region = 245.54 cm2-84 cm2

= 161.54 cm2

2. Find the area of the shaded region in Fig. 12.20, if radii of the two concentric circles with centre O are 7 cm and 14 cm respectively and AOC = 40°.

Solution:

Given,

Angle made by sector = 40°,

Radius the inner circle = r = 7 cm, and

Radius of the outer circle = R = 14 cm

We know,

Area of the sector = (θ/360°)×πr2

So, Area of OAC = (40°/360°)×πrcm2

= 68.44 cm2

Area of the sector OBD = (40°/360°)×πrcm2

= (1/9)×(22/7)×7= 17.11 cm2

Now, area of the shaded region ABDC = Area of OAC – Area of the OBD

= 68.44 cm2 – 17.11 cm= 51.33 cm2

3. Find the area of the shaded region in Fig. 12.21, if ABCD is a square of side 14 cm and APD and BPC are semicircles.

Solution:

Side of the square ABCD (as given) = 14 cm

So, Area of ABCD = a2

= 14×14 cm2 = 196 cm2

We know that the side of the square = diameter of the circle = 14 cm

So, side of the square = diameter of the semicircle = 14 cm

∴ Radius of the semicircle = 7 cm

Now, area of the semicircle = (πR2)/2

= (22/7×7×7)/2 cm=

= 77 cm2

∴ Area of two semicircles = 2×77 cm= 154 cm2

Hence, area of the shaded region = Area of the Square – Area of two semicircles

= 196 cm-154 cm2

= 42 cm2

4. Find the area of the shaded region in Fig. 12.22, where a circular arc of radius 6 cm has been drawn with vertex O of an equilateral triangle OAB of side 12 cm as centre.

Solution:

It is given that OAB is an equilateral triangle having each angle as 60°

Area of the sector is common in both.

Radius of the circle = 6 cm.

Side of the triangle = 12 cm.

Area of the equilateral triangle = (√3/4) (OA)2= (√3/40×12= 36√3 cm2

Area of the circle = πR2 = (22/7)×6= 792/7 cm2

Area of the sector making angle 60° = (60°/360°) ×πrcm2

= (1/6)×(22/7)× 6cm= 132/7 cm2

Area of the shaded region = Area of the equilateral triangle + Area of the circle – Area of the sector

= 36√3 cm2 +792/7 cm2-132/7 cm2

= (36√3+660/7) cm2

5. From each corner of a square of side 4 cm a quadrant of a circle of radius 1 cm is cut and also a circle of diameter 2 cm is cut as shown in Fig. 12.23. Find the area of the remaining portion of the square.

Solution:

Side of the square = 4 cm

Radius of the circle = 1 cm

Four quadrant of a circle are cut from corner and one circle of radius are cut from middle.

Area of square = (side)2= 4= 16 cm2

Area of the quadrant = (πR2)/4 cm2 = (22/7)×(12)/4 = 11/14 cm2

∴ Total area of the 4 quadrants = 4 ×(11/14) cm2 = 22/7 cm2

Area of the circle = πRcm2 = (22/7×12) = 22/7 cm2

Area of the shaded region = Area of square – (Area of the 4 quadrants + Area of the circle)

= 16 cm2-(22/7) cm2+(22/7) cm2

= 68/7 cm2

6. In a circular table cover of radius 32 cm, a design is formed leaving an equilateral triangle ABC in the middle as shown in Fig. 12.24. Find the area of the design.

Solution:

Radius of the circle = 32 cm

Draw a median AD of the triangle passing through the centre of the circle.

⇒ BD = AB/2

Since, AD is the median of the triangle

By Pythagoras theorem,

⇒ AB= 482+(AB/2)2

⇒ AB= 2304+AB2/4

⇒ 3/4 (AB2)= 2304

⇒ AB= 3072

⇒ AB= 32√3 cm

Area of ΔADB = √3/4 ×(32√3)cm= 768√3 cm2

Area of circle = πR2 = (22/7)×32×32 = 22528/7 cm2

Area of the design = Area of circle – Area of ΔADB

= (22528/7 – 768√3) cm2

7. In Fig. 12.25, ABCD is a square of side 14 cm. With centres A, B, C and D, four circles are drawn such that each circle touch externally two of the remaining three circles. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution:

Side of square = 14 cm

Four quadrants are included in the four sides of the square.

∴ Radius of the circles = 14/2 cm = 7 cm

Area of the square ABCD = 14= 196 cm2

Area of the quadrant = (πR2)/4 cm2 = (22/7) ×72/4 cm2

= 77/2 cm2

Total area of the quadrant = 4×77/2 cm= 154cm2

Area of the shaded region = Area of the square ABCD – Area of the quadrant

= 196 cm– 154 cm2

= 42 cm2

8. Fig. 12.26 depicts a racing track whose left and right ends are semicircular.

The distance between the two inner parallel line segments is 60 m and they are each 106 m long. If the track is 10 m wide, find:

(i) the distance around the track along its inner edge

(ii) the area of the track.

Solution:

Width of the track = 10 m

Distance between two parallel lines = 60 m

Length of parallel tracks = 106 m

DE = CF = 60 m

Radius of inner semicircle, r = OD = O’C

= 60/2 m = 30 m

Radius of outer semicircle, R = OA = O’B

= 30+10 m = 40 m

Also, AB = CD = EF = GH = 106 m

Distance around the track along its inner edge = CD+EF+2×(Circumference of inner semicircle)

= 106+106+(2×πr) m = 212+(2×22/7×30) m

= 212+1320/7 m = 2804/7 m

Area of the track = Area of ABCD + Area EFGH + 2 × (area of outer semicircle) – 2 × (area of inner semicircle)

= (AB×CD)+(EF×GH)+2×(πr2/2) -2×(πR2/2) m2

= (106×10)+(106×10)+2×π/2(r2-R2) m2

= 2120+22/7×70×10 m2

= 4320 m2

9. In Fig. 12.27, AB and CD are two diameters of a circle (with centre O) perpendicular to each other and OD is the diameter of the smaller circle. If OA = 7 cm, find the area of the shaded region.

Solution:

Radius of larger circle, R = 7 cm

Radius of smaller circle, r = 7/2 cm

Height of ΔBCA = OC = 7 cm

Base of ΔBCA = AB = 14 cm

Area of ΔBCA = 1/2 × AB × OC = (½)×7×14 = 49 cm2

Area of larger circle = πR= (22/7)×72 = 154 cm2

Area of larger semicircle = 154/2 cm= 77 cm2

Area of smaller circle = πr2 = (22/7)×(7/2)×(7/2) = 77/2 cm2

Area of the shaded region = Area of larger circle – Area of triangle – Area of larger semicircle + Area of smaller circle

Area of the shaded region = (154-49-77+77/2) cm2

= 133/2 cm2 = 66.5 cm2

10. The area of an equilateral triangle ABC is 17320.5 cm2. With each vertex of the triangle as centre, a circle is drawn with radius equal to half the length of the side of the triangle (see Fig. 12.28). Find the area of the shaded region. (Use π = 3.14 and √3 = 1.73205)

Solution:

ABC is an equilateral triangle.

∴ ∠ A = ∠ B = ∠ C = 60°

There are three sectors each making 60°.

Area of ΔABC = 17320.5 cm2

⇒ √3/4 ×(side)2 = 17320.5

⇒ (side)2 =17320.5×4/1.73205

⇒ (side)2 = 4×104

⇒ side = 200 cm

Radius of the circles = 200/2 cm = 100 cm

Area of the sector = (60°/360°)×π rcm2

= 1/6×3.14×(100)cm2

= 15700/3cm2

Area of 3 sectors = 3×15700/3 = 15700 cm2

Thus, area of the shaded region = Area of equilateral triangle ABC – Area of 3 sectors

= 17320.5-15700 cm= 1620.5 cm2

11. On a square handkerchief, nine circular designs each of radius 7 cm are made (see Fig. 12.29). Find the area of the remaining portion of the handkerchief.

Solution:

Number of circular designs = 9

Radius of the circular design = 7 cm

There are three circles in one side of square handkerchief.

∴ Side of the square = 3×diameter of circle = 3×14 = 42 cm

Area of the square = 42×42 cm2 = 1764 cm2

Area of the circle = π r= (22/7)×7×7 = 154 cm2

Total area of the design = 9×154 = 1386 cm2

Area of the remaining portion of the handkerchief = Area of the square – Total area of the design = 1764 – 1386 = 378 cm2

12. In Fig. 12.30, OACB is a quadrant of a circle with centre O and radius 3.5 cm. If OD = 2 cm, find the area of the

Solution:

(i) Area of quadrant OACB = (πR2)/4 cm2

= (22/7)×(7/2)×(7/2)/4 cm2

= 77/8 cm2

(ii) Area of triangle BOD = (½)×(7/2)×2 cm2

= 7/2 cm2

Area of shaded region = Area of quadrant – Area of triangle BOD

= (77/8)-(7/2) cm= 49/8 cm2

= 6.125 cm2

13. In Fig. 12.31, a square OABC is inscribed in a quadrant OPBQ. If OA = 20 cm, find the area of the shaded region. (Use π = 3.14)

Solution:

Side of square = OA = AB = 20 cm

OAB is right angled triangle

By Pythagoras theorem in ΔOAB,

OB= AB2+OA2

⇒ OB= 20+202

⇒ OB= 400+400

⇒ OB= 800

⇒ OB= 20√2 cm

Area of the quadrant = (πR2)/4 cm= (3.14/4)×(20√2)cm= 628cm2

Area of the square = 20×20 = 400 cm2

Area of the shaded region = Area of the quadrant – Area of the square

= 628-400 cm= 228cm2

14. AB and CD are respectively arcs of two concentric circles of radii 21 cm and 7 cm and centre O (see Fig. 12.32). If ∠AOB = 30°, find the area of the shaded region.

Solution:

Radius of the larger circle, R = 21 cm

Radius of the smaller circle, r = 7 cm

Angle made by sectors of both concentric circles = 30°

Area of the larger sector = (30°/360°)×πRcm2

= (1/12)×(22/7)×21cm2

= 231/2cm2

Area of the smaller circle = (30°/360°)×πrcm2

= 1/12×22/7×7cm2

=77/6 cm2

Area of the shaded region = (231/2) – (77/6) cm2

= 616/6 cm2 = 308/3cm2

15. In Fig. 12.33, ABC is a quadrant of a circle of radius 14 cm and a semicircle is drawn with BC as diameter. Find the area of the shaded region.

Solution:

AB = AC = 14 cm

BC is diameter of semicircle.

ABC is right angled triangle.

By Pythagoras theorem in ΔABC,

BC= AB+AC2

⇒ BC= 14+142

⇒ BC = 14√2 cm

Radius of semicircle = 14√2/2 cm = 7√2 cm

Area of ΔABC =( ½)×14×14 = 98 cm2

Area of quadrant = (¼)×(22/7)×(14×14) = 154 cm2

Area of the semicircle = (½)×(22/7)×7√2×7√2 = 154 cm2

Area of the shaded region =Area of the semicircle + Area of ΔABC – Area of quadrant

= 154 +98-154 cm= 98cm2

16. Calculate the area of the designed region in Fig. 12.34 common between the two quadrants of circles of radius 8 cm each.

Solution:

AB = BC = CD = AD = 8 cm

Area of ΔABC = Area of ΔADC = (½)×8×8 = 32 cm2