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Class 9th Math
Online Class For 9th Standard Students (CBSE) (English Medium)
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Chapter 6 Democratic Rights NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Civics

1. Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a fundamental right?
(a) Workers from Bihar go to the Punjab to work on the farms
(b) Christian missions set up a chain of missionary schools
(c) Men and women government employees get the same salary
(d) Parents’ property is inherited by their children
(d) Parents’ property is inherited by their children

2. Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen?
(a) Freedom to criticise the government
(b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution
(c) Freedom to start a movement to change the government
(d) Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution
(b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution

3. Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution?
(a) Right to work
(b) Right to adequate livelihood
(c) Right to protect one’s culture
(d) Right to privacy
(c) Right to protect one’s culture

4. Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:

  1. Freedom to propagate one’s religion
  2. Right to life
  3. Abolition of untouchability
  4. Ban on bonded labour


  1. Right to freedom of religion
  2. Right to freedom
  3. Right to equality
  4. Right against exploitation

5. Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid? Give reasons for your preference.
(a) Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.
(b) Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.
(c) Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.
The most valid statement is (a).
This is because every country that is democratic is a system wherein the government is elected by the people. Therefore, it is essential for it to provide rights to its citizens.

6. Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.

  1. Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.
  2. Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.
  3. The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.


  1. This statement is justified as the citizens are protected from loss of life or property.
  2. This statement is not justified as it infringes on the right to freedom of citizens from other parts of the country.
  3. This statement is not justified as it violates the right to freedom of speech and expression.

7. Manoj went to a college to apply for admission into an MBA course. The clerk refused to take his application and said You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager! Has anyone done this job in your community? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweeper’s position. Which of Manoj’s fundamental rights is being violated in this instance? Spell these out in a letter from Manoj to the district collector.

In this case, the Right to Freedom and Right to Equality is being violated.


The District Collector,
ABC District

Sub: Redressal required for a violation of my Right to Equality

Dear Sir/Madam,

I, XYZ wished to inform you that my admission for pursuing a course leading to an MBA degree in a college in your district has been refused. It was done by a clerk of the college who remarked that “You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager! Has anyone done this job in your community? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweeper’s position”. This is a total violation of my rights and it is unfair. I am fully qualified to apply for the course having completed my graduation.
Kindly look into the matter at the earliest.

Thanking You,


Page No: 112

8. When Madhurima went to the property registration office, the Registrar told her. “You can’t write your name as Madhurima Banerjee d/o A. K. Banerjee. You are married, so you must give your husband’s name. Your husband’s surname is Rao. So your name should be changed to Madhurima Rao.” She did not agree. She said “If my husband’s name has not changed after marriage, why should mine?” In your opinion who is right in this dispute? And why?
In this dispute, Madhurima’s opinion is correct as Madhurima has got all the right to retain her maiden name to ensure gender equality. In a democratic country like India, every citizen enjoys the right to equality. Therefore, whether it is the marital status or unmarried a girl has all the right to retain her father’s name.

9. Thousands of tribals and other forest dwellers gathered at Piparia in the Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh to protest against their proposed displacement from the Satpura National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, and Panchmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary. They argue that such a displacement is an attack on their livelihood and beliefs. The government claims that their displacement is essential for the development of the area and for protection of wildlife. Write a petition on behalf of the forest dwellers to the NHRC, a response from the government, and a report of the NHRC on this matter.
As the answers may vary, please attempt this question on your own with the help of your subject teacher or elders.

Democratic Rights Class 9 Important Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are rights?
Rights are reasonable claims of persons over other fellow beings over the society, and over the government recognised by society and sanctioned by law.

Question 2.
Define Fundamental Rights.
The Fundamental Rights are those basic conditions which are considered essential for the overall development of a person. These are guaranteed under the Constitution.

Question 3.
‘Some rights need to be placed higher than the government’. Give reason.
Thought it is the duty of each democratic government to protect the citizen’s rights but sometimes elected governments may not protect or may even attack the rights of their own citizens. That is why some rights need to be placed higher than the government, so that the government cannot violate these.

Question 4.
Define the rule of law. Do you think the rule of law prevails in India?
It means that the laws apply in the same manner to all, regardless of a person’s status. Yes, the rule of law prevails in India. All are equal in the eyes of law.

Question 5.
Mention any one exception to the Right to Equality as a Fundamental Right. Give reasons also.
The State may make any special provision for women and children.
It is necessary to give special treatment to some weaker sections of the society in order to ensure equal opportunity.

Question 6.
Mention any two freedoms provided under Right to Freedom.

  • Freedom of speech and expression.
  • Assembly in a peaceful manner.

Question 7.
What is a secular state? [CBSE2014]
A secular state is one that does not establish any one religion as official religion.

Question 8.
What is Public Interest Litigation?[CBSE 2015]
Under the PIL, any citizen or group of citizens can approach the Supreme Court or a High Court for the protection of public interest against a particular law or action of the government. One can write to the judges even on a postcard. The court will take up the matter if the judges find it in public interest.

Question 9.
What are Human Rights?
Human Rights are those rights, which are inherent in our nature. Without these rights, we cannot live as human beings. Human rights allow us to fully develop and use our human qualities, intelligence, talents and conscience. They allow us to satisfy our spiritual and other needs.

Question 10.
Mention any other two rights of the Indian citizens except the Fundamental Rights.

  • Right to freedom of press.
  • Right to information.

Question 11.
Mention any two rights which the Constitution of South Africa guarantees to its citizens.

  • Right to privacy, so that citizens or their home cannot be searched,their phones cannot be tapped, their communication cannot be opened.
  • Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being.

Question 12.
Mention any two exceptions to the Right to Equality.

  • The State may make any special provision for women and children.
  • The State may reserve some posts for members of backward class.

Question 13.
Mention any two limitations of freedom of speech and expression.

  • No one can use this freedom to instigate violence against others.
  • No one can use it to incite people to rebel against government.

Question 14.
Mention the three evils which have been declared illegal under Right Against Exploitation.

  • Traffic in human beings.
  • Forced labour or begar in any form.
  • Child labour.

Question 15.
‘India is a secular state’. Justify by giving examples.

  • People of India are free to follow any religion.
  • India doesn’t have any official religion.
  • Every religious group or sect is free to manage its religious affairs.

Democratic Rights Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write any four features of the Right to Equality as a Fundamental Right.

  • According to this law, the government shall not deny to any person in India equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws.
  • The government shall not discriminate against any citizen on the grounds of religion, caste, ethnicity, sex or place of birth.
  • All citizens shall have equality of opportunity in matters relating to any position in the government.
  • The principle of non-discrimination extends to social life as well.

Question 2.
Write a short note on the following fundamental rights:
(а) Right to Freedom of Religion.
(b) Cultural and Educational Rights.
(a) Right to Freedom of Religion: Right to freedom of religion provides religious freedom to all the citizens of India. All religions are equal before the state and no religion will be given preference over the other. Citizens are free to practise their respective religions. Foremost objective of this right is to sustain the principle of secularism in the country. No state-run institution can give religious education. Religious communities can set up charitable institutions of their own.

(b) Cultural and Educational Rights: India is multi-religious, multi-lingual and multi-cultural, each having its own identity and characteristics. To preserve these diversities, it is natural to grant the following Cultural and Educational Rights to the minorities and other communities.

  • Right to Conserve the Language, Script and Culture Under this Right minorities have the right to conserve their distinct language, script or culture and to join state-owned or state-aided institutions without discriminations.
  • Right to Establish Educational Institutions: Under this each minority group has a right to establish and administer educational institutions of its choice. The State shall not discriminate between minorities, while granting aid to their educational institutions.

Question 3.
“Right to Constitutional Remedies is a very special right”. What is so special about this right?
Dr Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, “the heart and soul of our constitution”. Give reason.

  • It is through this Right that all other Fundamental Rights are safeguarded and arbitrary action of the state is checked.
  • Under this Right, a citizen is entitled to move the Supreme Court or any High Court or any other courts so authorised, if his/ her Fundamental Right (or Rights) is encroached upon, abridged or snatched away by the State, an individual or a body of persons. The courts are empowered to issue orders, directions and writs to the concerned to protect the rights of the complainant.

Question 4.
Mention three major Constitutional provisions for the protection of women and children in India.
Write three Constitutional provisions for the protection of women and children in India. [CBSE March 2011]

  • The Right to Equality: Under this the State can make special provisions for women and children.
  • Right Against Exploitation: Under this traffic in human beings, especially women and children, shall be an offence punishable in accordance with the law.
  • Right Against Exploita-tion: Under this no child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

Democratic Rights Class 9 Important Questions Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
‘The Right to Freedom is actually a cluster of several rights.’ Discuss.[CBSE 2015]

  • Freedom to live in any part of India: All citizens are free to live in any part of India but State can put restrictions keeping in mind the welfare of local people.
    Freedom to practice any profession or occupation: All citizens have the right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
  • Right to Free Movement: Every citizen of India has been granted freedom to move throughout the Indian territory.
  • Freedom to Assemble Peace¬fully: Indian citizens have been given the right to assemble without arms.
  • Freedom of Speech and Expression: Democracy is a government by citizens. Freedom of speech and expression works as a barometer of public opinion.
  • Right to Form Associations or Unions: The Constitution guarantees the right to form associations and unions to every citizen of India.

Question 2.
What was the Amnesty International’s report regarding the prisoners in Guantanamo Bay? State the condition of prisoners according to the report of Amnesty International in Guantanamo Bay.[CBSE March 2013]
Amensty International which is an international human rights organisation, collected information in Guantanamo Bay and reported:

  • Families of prisoners, media or even UN representatives were not allowed to meet these prisoners. The US army arrested them, interrogated them and decided whether to keep them there or not.
  • There was no trial before any magistrate in the US. Nor could these prisoners approach courts in their own country.
  • The prisoners were being tortured in ways that violated United States Laws.
  • They were being denied the treatment that even prisoners of war must get as per international treaties.
  • Prisoners were not released even after they were officially declared not guilty.

Democratic Rights Class 9 Important Questions  Higher Order Thinking Skills (Hots) Questions

Question 1.
“Saudi Arabia is not a democratic country”. Justify. Mention any two rights which are enjoyed by the Indian citizens but not by citizens of Saudi Arabia.
Compare the situation of India and Saudi Arabia in terms of right to freedom in both the countries.

  • The country is ruled by a hereditary king and the people: have no role in electing or changing
    their rulers.
  • The king selects the legislature as well as the executive. He appoints the judges and can change any of their decisions.
  • Citizens cannot form political parties or any political organisations.

Rights enjoyed by Indians but not by Saudi Arabians-

  • There is no freedom of religion. Every citizen is required to be Muslim. Non-Muslim residents can follow their religion in private, but not in public.
  • Women are subjected to many public restrictions. The testimony of one man is considered equal to that of two women.

Question 2.
State any three rights guaranteed by the Constitution of South Africa.[CBSE 2014 March]

  • Right to privacy, so that citizens or their home cannot be searched, their phones cannot be tapped, their communication cannot be opened.
  • Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well being.
  • Right to have access to adequate housing.

Question 3.
Which fundamental right is being violated under the following circumstances.
(a) A student belonging to SC category is not being allowed to use a public park.
(b) Citizens are not being allowed to hold a meeting.
(c) A women was sold to a rich landlord.
(d) You are being denied admission to a government college on the basis of your religion.
(a) Right to Equality.
(b) Right to Freedom.
(c) Right against Exploitation
(d) Cultural and Educational Right

Democratic Rights Class 9 Important Questions Value Based Questions

Question 1.
Why do we need rights in a democracy? [CBSE March 2011,13,15]

  • Fundamental Rights provide the conditions which are essential for the development of the inherent qualities in man and to secure his all round growth.
  • These are necessary to preserve human dignity and promote social progress in an atmosphere of freedom.
  • These provide civil liberties, without which democracy cannot be even conceived.
  • These are a significant check on the arbitrary use of power by the government.
  • Rights protect minorities from the oppression of majority.

Question 2.
Explain the Right against Exploitation.[CBSE March 2011,12,15] Or
Mention the provisions of Fundamental Right against exploitation. [CBSE March 2011 ]

  • Prohibition of Traffic in Human Beings and Forced Labour: Under this traffic in human beings and “begar” or any other form of forced labour is prohibited. This means that sale and purchase of women, men and children and making a person work against their will without payment is banned.
  • Prohibition of Employ-ment of Children in Factories: No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed in a factory or mine and in other hazardous work. Thus child labour is banned, because this is considered as an exploitation, and as such it is illegal.

Question 3.
Mention any three rights of a detained person. [CBSE March 2011 ]

  • To be informed of the reason of arrest and detention.
  • To be produced before the nearest magistrate within 24 hours of arrest.
  • Right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence.

Question 4.
Mention the restrictions that can be imposed on various forms of freedoms granted by the Constitution. [CBSE March 2011 ]

  • Freedom of speech and expression — reasonable restrictions can be imposed on this freedom.
  • Restriction on freedom to hold meetings, processions, rallies and demonstrations and reasonable restriction in the interest of public order.
  • Restrictions on freedom to form associations and unions in the interest of public order, morality of sovereignty or integrity of India.
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