Course Content
Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 Physical World
Section Name Topic Name 1 Physical World 1.1 What is physics? 1.2 Scope and excitement of physics 1.3 Physics, technology and society 1.4 Fundamental forces in nature 1.5 Nature of physical laws
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion In A Plane
4 Motion in a plane 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Scalars and vectors 4.3 Multiplication of vectors by real numbers 4.4 Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method 4.5 Resolution of vectors 4.6 Vector addition – analytical method 4.7 Motion in a plane 4.8 Motion in a plane with constant acceleration 4.9 Relative velocity in two dimensions 4.10 Projectile motion 4.11 Uniform circular motion
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 5 Laws of motion
Section Name Topic Name 5 Laws of motion 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Aristotle’s fallacy 5.3 The law of inertia 5.4 Newton’s first law of motion 5.5 Newton’s second law of motion 5.6 Newton’s third law of motion 5.7 Conservation of momentum 5.8 Equilibrium of a particle 5.9 Common forces in mechanics 5.10 Circular motion 5.11 Solving problems in mechanics
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 6 Work Energy and Power
Section Name Topic Name 6 Work Energy and power 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem 6.3 Work 6.4 Kinetic energy 6.5 Work done by a variable force 6.6 The work-energy theorem for a variable force 6.7 The concept of potential energy 6.8 The conservation of mechanical energy 6.9 The potential energy of a spring 6.10 Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy 6.11 Power 6.12 Collisions
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 7 Rotation motion
Topics Introduction Centre of mass Motion of COM Linear Momentum of System of Particles Vector Product Angular velocity Torque & Angular Momentum Conservation of Angular Momentum Equilibrium of Rigid Body Centre of Gravity Moment of Inertia Theorem of perpendicular axis Theorem of parallel axis Moment of Inertia of Objects Kinematics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Angular Momentum In Case of Rotation about a Fixed Axis Rolling motion
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 9 mechanics properties of solid
Section Name Topic Name 9 Mechanical Properties Of Solids 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Elastic behaviour of solids 9.3 Stress and strain 9.4 Hooke’s law 9.5 Stress-strain curve 9.6 Elastic moduli 9.7 Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of matter
Section Name Topic Name 11 Thermal Properties of matter 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Temperature and heat 11.3 Measurement of temperature 11.4 Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature 11.5 Thermal expansion 11.6 Specific heat capacity 11.7 Calorimetry 11.8 Change of state 11.9 Heat transfer 11.10 Newton’s law of cooling
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 14 Oscillations
Section Name Topic Name 14 Oscillations 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Periodic and oscilatory motions 14.3 Simple harmonic motion 14.4 Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion 14.5 Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion 14.6 Force law for simple harmonic motion 14.7 Energy in simple harmonic motion 14.8 Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion 14.9 Damped simple harmonic motion 14.10 Forced oscillations and resonance
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Class 11th Physics Online Class For 100% Result
About Lesson

Introduction:Fluids

  • Fluids can be defined as any substance which is capable of flowing.
  • They don’t have any shape of their own.
  • For example:-water which does not have its own shape but it takes the shape of the container in which it is poured.

But when we pour water in a tumbler it takes the shape of the tumbler

Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pressure

  • Pressure is defined as force per unit area.
  • Pressure = Force/Area
  • For Example:-
    • Consider a very sharp needle which has a small surface area and consider a pencil whose back is very bluntand has more surface area than the needle.
    • If we poke needle in our palm it will hurt as needle gets pierced inside our skin.Whereas if we poke the blunt side of the pencil into our hand it won’t pain so much.
    • This is because area of contact between the palm and the needle is very small therefore the pressure is large.
    • Whereas the area of contact between the pencil and the palm is more therefore the pressure is less.

Example:-

  • Consider a stuntman lying on the bed of nails which means there are large numbers of nails on any rectangular slab. All the nails are identical and equal in height.
  • We can see that the man is not feeling any pain and he is lying comfortably on the bed. This is because there isa large number of nails and all the nails are closely spaced with each other.
  • All the small pointed nails make large surface area therefore the weight of the body is compensated by the entire area of all the nails.
  • The surface area increases therefore pressure is reduced.
    • But even if one nail is greater than the others then it will hurt. Because then the surface area will be less as a result pressure will be more.
Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Problem:- A 50 kg girl wearing high heel shoes balances on a single heel. The heel is circular with a diameter 1.0 cm. What is the pressure exerted by the heel on the horizontal floor?

Answer:-

Mass of the girl, m = 50 kg

Diameter of the heel, d = 1 cm = 0.01 m

Radius of the heel, r = d/2 = 0.005m

Area of the heel = πr2 = π (0.005)2 = 7.85 × 10–5 m2

Force exerted by the heel on the floor:

F = mg = 50 × 9.8 = 490 N

Pressure exerted by the heel on the floor:

P=Force/Area =490/(7.85×10-5)

= 6.24 × 106 N m–2

Therefore, the pressure exerted by the heel on the horizontal floor is 6.24 × 106 Nm–2.

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