Course Content
Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 Physical World
Section Name Topic Name 1 Physical World 1.1 What is physics? 1.2 Scope and excitement of physics 1.3 Physics, technology and society 1.4 Fundamental forces in nature 1.5 Nature of physical laws
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion In A Plane
4 Motion in a plane 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Scalars and vectors 4.3 Multiplication of vectors by real numbers 4.4 Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method 4.5 Resolution of vectors 4.6 Vector addition – analytical method 4.7 Motion in a plane 4.8 Motion in a plane with constant acceleration 4.9 Relative velocity in two dimensions 4.10 Projectile motion 4.11 Uniform circular motion
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 5 Laws of motion
Section Name Topic Name 5 Laws of motion 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Aristotle’s fallacy 5.3 The law of inertia 5.4 Newton’s first law of motion 5.5 Newton’s second law of motion 5.6 Newton’s third law of motion 5.7 Conservation of momentum 5.8 Equilibrium of a particle 5.9 Common forces in mechanics 5.10 Circular motion 5.11 Solving problems in mechanics
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 6 Work Energy and Power
Section Name Topic Name 6 Work Energy and power 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem 6.3 Work 6.4 Kinetic energy 6.5 Work done by a variable force 6.6 The work-energy theorem for a variable force 6.7 The concept of potential energy 6.8 The conservation of mechanical energy 6.9 The potential energy of a spring 6.10 Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy 6.11 Power 6.12 Collisions
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 7 Rotation motion
Topics Introduction Centre of mass Motion of COM Linear Momentum of System of Particles Vector Product Angular velocity Torque & Angular Momentum Conservation of Angular Momentum Equilibrium of Rigid Body Centre of Gravity Moment of Inertia Theorem of perpendicular axis Theorem of parallel axis Moment of Inertia of Objects Kinematics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Angular Momentum In Case of Rotation about a Fixed Axis Rolling motion
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 9 mechanics properties of solid
Section Name Topic Name 9 Mechanical Properties Of Solids 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Elastic behaviour of solids 9.3 Stress and strain 9.4 Hooke’s law 9.5 Stress-strain curve 9.6 Elastic moduli 9.7 Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of matter
Section Name Topic Name 11 Thermal Properties of matter 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Temperature and heat 11.3 Measurement of temperature 11.4 Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature 11.5 Thermal expansion 11.6 Specific heat capacity 11.7 Calorimetry 11.8 Change of state 11.9 Heat transfer 11.10 Newton’s law of cooling
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Class 11 Physics Chapter 14 Oscillations
Section Name Topic Name 14 Oscillations 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Periodic and oscilatory motions 14.3 Simple harmonic motion 14.4 Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion 14.5 Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion 14.6 Force law for simple harmonic motion 14.7 Energy in simple harmonic motion 14.8 Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion 14.9 Damped simple harmonic motion 14.10 Forced oscillations and resonance
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Class 11th Physics Online Class For 100% Result
About Lesson

Pressure in Fluids:-

  • Normal force exerted by fluid per unit area.
  • This means force is acting perpendicular to the surface of contact.
  • Consider a body submerged in the water, force is exerted by the water perpendicular to the surface of the body.
    • If there is no force applied perpendicularly but in the parallel direction then there will be motion along the horizontal direction.
    • Since fluid is at rest and body is submerged in the fluid. Therefore there cannot be motion along the horizontal direction.
    • Therefore we always say the force is applied perpendicularly.
  • Pressure is a scalar quantity. Because the force here is not a vector quantity but it is the component of force normal to the area.
  • Dimensional Formula [ML-1T-2]
  • I Unit: N/m2 or Pascal(Pa).
  • Atmosphere unit (atm) is defined as pressure exerted by the atmosphere at sea level.It is a common unit of pressure.
  • 1atm=1.013×105 Pa
Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pascal’s Law

  • Pascal’s law states that if the pressure is applied to uniform fluids that are confined,the fluids will then transmit the same pressure in all directions at the same rate.
  • Pascal’s law holds good only for uniform fluids.
  • For example:-
    • Consider a vessel filled with water which is uniform throughout as there is only one type of fluid which is water.
    • Consider a vessel which has oil and water then it is not uniform.As it have two different fluids.
Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Mechanical Properties of Fluids

For example 2:-

  • Consider a vessel of circular shape filled with water which has 4 openings and in the entire openings 4 pistons are attached.
  • Apply force on the first piston; this piston will move inward and all other pistons will move outwards.
  • This happens because when this piston moves inwards the pressure is exerted on the water.Water transmits this pressure in all the directions.
  • The other pistons,except A, moves at the same speed which shows water has exerted pressure in all the directions.
Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Conclusion:-

  1. For a uniform fluid in equilibrium, pressure is same at all points in a horizontal plane. This means there is no net force acting on the fluid the pressure is same at all the points.
  2. A fluid moves due to the differences in pressure. That means fluid will always move from a point which is at a higher pressure to the point which is at a lower pressure.

Example: – Blowing of Wind. Wind is nothing but moving air. Air is a fluid so the air moves from the region of higher pressure to the region of lower pressure.

Mechanical Properties of Fluids
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