Course Content
Class 11 Physics Chapter 1 Physical World
Section Name Topic Name 1 Physical World 1.1 What is physics? 1.2 Scope and excitement of physics 1.3 Physics, technology and society 1.4 Fundamental forces in nature 1.5 Nature of physical laws
Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion In A Plane
4 Motion in a plane 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Scalars and vectors 4.3 Multiplication of vectors by real numbers 4.4 Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method 4.5 Resolution of vectors 4.6 Vector addition – analytical method 4.7 Motion in a plane 4.8 Motion in a plane with constant acceleration 4.9 Relative velocity in two dimensions 4.10 Projectile motion 4.11 Uniform circular motion
Class 11 Physics Chapter 5 Laws of motion
Section Name Topic Name 5 Laws of motion 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Aristotle’s fallacy 5.3 The law of inertia 5.4 Newton’s first law of motion 5.5 Newton’s second law of motion 5.6 Newton’s third law of motion 5.7 Conservation of momentum 5.8 Equilibrium of a particle 5.9 Common forces in mechanics 5.10 Circular motion 5.11 Solving problems in mechanics
Class 11 Physics Chapter 6 Work Energy and Power
Section Name Topic Name 6 Work Energy and power 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem 6.3 Work 6.4 Kinetic energy 6.5 Work done by a variable force 6.6 The work-energy theorem for a variable force 6.7 The concept of potential energy 6.8 The conservation of mechanical energy 6.9 The potential energy of a spring 6.10 Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy 6.11 Power 6.12 Collisions
Class 11 Physics Chapter 7 Rotation motion
Topics Introduction Centre of mass Motion of COM Linear Momentum of System of Particles Vector Product Angular velocity Torque & Angular Momentum Conservation of Angular Momentum Equilibrium of Rigid Body Centre of Gravity Moment of Inertia Theorem of perpendicular axis Theorem of parallel axis Moment of Inertia of Objects Kinematics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Dynamics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis Angular Momentum In Case of Rotation about a Fixed Axis Rolling motion
Class 11 Physics Chapter 9 mechanics properties of solid
Section Name Topic Name 9 Mechanical Properties Of Solids 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Elastic behaviour of solids 9.3 Stress and strain 9.4 Hooke’s law 9.5 Stress-strain curve 9.6 Elastic moduli 9.7 Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of matter
Section Name Topic Name 11 Thermal Properties of matter 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Temperature and heat 11.3 Measurement of temperature 11.4 Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature 11.5 Thermal expansion 11.6 Specific heat capacity 11.7 Calorimetry 11.8 Change of state 11.9 Heat transfer 11.10 Newton’s law of cooling
Class 11 Physics Chapter 14 Oscillations
Section Name Topic Name 14 Oscillations 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Periodic and oscilatory motions 14.3 Simple harmonic motion 14.4 Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion 14.5 Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion 14.6 Force law for simple harmonic motion 14.7 Energy in simple harmonic motion 14.8 Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion 14.9 Damped simple harmonic motion 14.10 Forced oscillations and resonance
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About Lesson

Linear Momentum of System of Particles

  • The total momentum of a system of particles is equal to the product of the total mass of the system and the velocity of its COM.
  • P = p1 + p2 + …. + pn

          = m1v1 + m2v2 + …. + mnvn

  • = MV


  • pi = momentum of ith particle ,
  • P = momentum of system of particles ,
  • V = velocity of COM
  • Newton’s Second Law extended to system of particles: dP/dt = Fext .
  • When the total external force acting on a system of particles is zero (Fext = 0), the total linear momentum of the system is constant (dP/dt = 0 => P = constant). Also the velocity of the centre of mass remains constant (Since P = m= Constant ).
  • If the total external force on a body is zero, then internal forces can cause complex trajectories of individual particles but the COM moves with a constant velocity.
  • Example: Decay of Ra atom into He atom & Rn Atom
  • Case I – If Ra atom was initially at rest, He atom and Rn atom will have opposite direction of velocity, but the COM will remain at rest.
rotational motion
rotational motion

Example – A bullet of mass m is fired at a velocity of v1, and embeds itself in a block of mass M, initially at rest and on a frictionless surface. What is the final velocity of the block?

Solution: Now if we take bullet and block as a system, then no external force is acting on it. So we can conserve momentum. 
(m1v1 + Mv2)before = (m1+ M)vafter
vafter =  
m1v1/( m1+ M) , as the initial velocity of block M is zero.

Vector Product

  • Vector product (cross product) of two vectors a and b is a × b = ab sinΘ  = c ,     where Θ is angle between a & b
  • Vector product c is perpendicular to the plane containing a and b.
  • If you keep your palm in direction of vector a and curl your fingers to the direction a to b, your thumb will give you the direction of vector product c
Class 11 Physics Rotational Motion Notes and NCERT Solution

Angular velocity & its relation with linear velocity

Every particle of a rotating body moves in a circle. Angular displacement of a given particle about its centre in unit time is defined as angular velocity.

Class 11 Physics Rotational Motion Notes and NCERT Solution
Class 11 Physics Rotational Motion Notes and NCERT Solution


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