Course Content
CHAPTER 3: CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS
Section Name Topic Name 3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 3.1 Why do we Need to Classify Elements ? 3.2 Genesis of Periodic Classification 3.3 Modern Periodic Law and the present form of the Periodic Table 3.4 Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Numbers > 100 3.5 Electronic Configurations of Elements and the Periodic Table 3.6 Electronic Configurations and Types of Elements: s-, p-, d-, f – Blocks 3.7 Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements
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CHAPTER 7: EQUILIBRIUM
Section Name Topic Name 7 Equilibrium 7.1 Equilibrium in Physical Processes 7.2 Equilibrium in Chemical Processes – Dynamic Equilibrium 7.3 Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant 7.4 Homogeneous Equilibria 7.5 Heterogeneous Equilibria 7.6 Applications of Equilibrium Constants 7.7 Relationship between Equilibrium Constant K, Reaction Quotient Q and Gibbs Energy G 7.8 Factors Affecting Equilibria 7.9 Ionic Equilibrium in Solution 7.10 Acids, Bases and Salts 7.11 Ionization of Acids and Bases 7.12 Buffer Solutions 7.13 Solubility Equilibria of Sparingly Soluble Salts
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CHAPTER 10: S-BLOCK ELEMENTS
Section Name Topic Name 10 The s-Block Elements 10.1 Group 1 Elements: Alkali Metals 10.2 General Characteristics of the Compounds of the Alkali Metals 10.3 Anomalous Properties of Lithium 10.4 Some Important Compounds of Sodium 10.5 Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium 10.6 Group 2 Elements : Alkaline Earth Metals 10.7 General Characteristics of Compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals 10.8 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium 10.9 Some Important Compounds of Calcium 10.10 Biological Importance of Magnesium and Calcium
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CHAPTER 12: CHARACTERIZATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUND
Section Name Topic Name 12 Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques 12.1 General Introduction 12.2 Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds 12.3 Structural Representations of Organic Compounds 12.4 Classification of Organic Compounds 12.5 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds 12.6 Isomerism 12.7 Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism 12.8 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds 12.9 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds 12.10 Quantitative Analysis
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Class 11th Chemistry Online Class For 100% Result
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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 6 Thermodynamics

NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Textbook QUESTIONS SOLVED

Question 1. Choose the correct answer:
A thermodynamic state junction is a quantity
(i) used to determine heat changes
(ii) whose value is independent of path
(iii) used to determine pressure volume work
(iv) whose value depends on temperature only.
Answer: (ii) whose value is independent of path

Question 2. For the process to occur under adiabatic conditions, the correct condition is:
(i) ∆T= 0 (ii) ∆p = 0
(iii) q = 0 (iv)  w = 0
Ans. (iii) q = 0

Question 6. A reaction, A + B—>C + D + q is found to have a positive entropy change. The reaction will be
(i) possible at high temperature (ii) possible only at low temperature
(iii) not possible at any temperature (iv) possible at any temperature
Answer:  (iv) possible at any temperature

Question 7.  In a process, 701 ] of heat is absorbed by a system and 394 J of work is done by the system. What is the change in internal energy for the process?
Answer:  Heat absorbed by the system, q = 701 J Work done by the system = – 394 J Change in internal energy (∆U) = q + w = 701 – 394 = 307 J.

Question 8. The reaction of cyanamide,NH2CN(s) with dioxygen was carried out in a bomb calorimeter and ∆U was found to be -742,7 KJ-1  mol-1 at 298 K. Calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction at 298 K.NH2CN (S) + 3/202(g) —–>N2(g) + CO2(g) + H20(Z)
Answer:  ∆U = – 742.7 KJ-1  mol-1 ; ∆ng = 2 – 3/2 = + 1/2 mol.
R = 8.314 x 10-3KJ-1  mol-1 ; T = 298 K
According to the relation,∆H = ∆U+∆ngRT
∆H = (- 742.7 kj) + (1/2 mol) x (8.314 x10-3 KJ-1  mol-1 ) x (298 K)
= – 742.7 kj + 1.239 kj = – 741.5 kj.

Question 9. Calculate the number of kj of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 60 g of aluminium from 35°C to 55°C. Molar heat capacity of Al is 24 J mol-1 K-1.
Answer: No. of moles of Al (m) = (60g)/(27 g mol-1) = 2.22 mol
Molar heat capacity (C) = 24  J mol-1 K-1.
Rise in temperature (∆T) = 55 – 35 = 20°C = 20 K
Heat evolved (q) = C x m x T = (24 J mol-1 K-1) x (2.22 mol) x (20 K)
= 1065.6 J = 1.067 kj

Question 11. Enthalpy of combustion of carbon to carbon dioxide is – 393.5 J mol-1   .Calculate the heat released upon formation of 35.2 g of C0from carbon and oxygen gas.
Answer: The combustion equation is:
C(s) + 0(g) —–> C02(g); AcH = – 393.5 KJ mol-1
Heat released in the formation of 44g of C02 = 393.5 kj
Heat released in the formation of 35.2 g of C02=(393.5 KJ) x (35.2g)/(44g) = 314.8 kj

Question 12. Calculate the enthalpy of the reaction:
N204(g) + 3CO(g) ———->N20(g) + 3CO2(g)
Given that;∆fHCO(g) = – 110 kj mot-1; ∆fHC02(g) = – 393 kj mol-1
fHN20(g) = 81 kj mot-1; ∆fN2O4(g) = 9.7 kj mol-1
Answer:  Enthalpy of reaction (∆r,H) = [81 + 3 (- 393)] – [9.7 + 3 (- 110)]
= [81 – 1179] – [9.7 – 330] = – 778 kj mol-1

 

Question 13. Given : N2(g) + 3H2(g) ————> 2NH3(g); ∆r H = -92.4 kj mot-1 What is the standard enthalpy of formation of NH3 gas?
Answer:  ∆H NH3 (g) = – (92.4)/2 = – 46.2 kj mol-1

Question 14. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation of CH3OH. from the following data:
(i) CH3OH(l) + 3/2 02 (g) ———-> CO2 (g) + 2H20 (l); ∆rH = – 726kj mol-1
(ii) C(s) + 02(g) —————>C02 (g); ∆cH = -393 kj mol-1
(iii) H2(g) + 1/202(g) —————->H20 (l); ∆fH = -286 kj mol-1
Answer:  The equation we aim at;
C(s) + 2H2(g) + l/202(g) ———> CH3OH (l);∆fH = ±? … (iv)
Multiply eqn. (iii) by 2 and add to eqn. (ii)
C(s) + 2H2(g) + 202(g) ————->C02(g) + 2H20(Z)
∆H = – (393 + 522) = – 965 kj moH Subtract eqn. (iv) from eqn. (i)
CH3OH(Z) + 3/202(g) ————> C02(y) + 2H20(Z); ∆H = – 726 kj mol-1
Subtract: C(s) + 2H2(y) + l/202(g) ———-> CH3OH(Z); ∆fHe = – 239 kj mol-1

Question 18. For the reaction; 2Cl(g) ———-> Cl2(g); what will be the signs of ∆H and ∆S?
Answer: ∆H : negative (- ve) because energy is released in bond formation
∆S : negative (- ve) because entropy decreases when atoms combine to form molecules.

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