Course Content
CHAPTER 3: CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS
Section Name Topic Name 3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 3.1 Why do we Need to Classify Elements ? 3.2 Genesis of Periodic Classification 3.3 Modern Periodic Law and the present form of the Periodic Table 3.4 Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Numbers > 100 3.5 Electronic Configurations of Elements and the Periodic Table 3.6 Electronic Configurations and Types of Elements: s-, p-, d-, f – Blocks 3.7 Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements
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CHAPTER 7: EQUILIBRIUM
Section Name Topic Name 7 Equilibrium 7.1 Equilibrium in Physical Processes 7.2 Equilibrium in Chemical Processes – Dynamic Equilibrium 7.3 Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant 7.4 Homogeneous Equilibria 7.5 Heterogeneous Equilibria 7.6 Applications of Equilibrium Constants 7.7 Relationship between Equilibrium Constant K, Reaction Quotient Q and Gibbs Energy G 7.8 Factors Affecting Equilibria 7.9 Ionic Equilibrium in Solution 7.10 Acids, Bases and Salts 7.11 Ionization of Acids and Bases 7.12 Buffer Solutions 7.13 Solubility Equilibria of Sparingly Soluble Salts
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CHAPTER 10: S-BLOCK ELEMENTS
Section Name Topic Name 10 The s-Block Elements 10.1 Group 1 Elements: Alkali Metals 10.2 General Characteristics of the Compounds of the Alkali Metals 10.3 Anomalous Properties of Lithium 10.4 Some Important Compounds of Sodium 10.5 Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium 10.6 Group 2 Elements : Alkaline Earth Metals 10.7 General Characteristics of Compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals 10.8 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium 10.9 Some Important Compounds of Calcium 10.10 Biological Importance of Magnesium and Calcium
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CHAPTER 12: CHARACTERIZATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUND
Section Name Topic Name 12 Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques 12.1 General Introduction 12.2 Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds 12.3 Structural Representations of Organic Compounds 12.4 Classification of Organic Compounds 12.5 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds 12.6 Isomerism 12.7 Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism 12.8 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds 12.9 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds 12.10 Quantitative Analysis
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RULES FOR NAMING ORGANIC COMPOUND WITH FUNCTIONAL GROUP

  1. Select longest chain containing functional group.
  2. Numbering is done in such a way that Carbon atom with functional group gets lowest number.
  3. Rules for naming substituent are same.
  4. The 2 or more functional groups are indicated by di, tri etc.
  5. While numbering the preference is given as: –

         Functional Group > Double Bond> Triple Bond> Side Chain

  1. If different functional groups are present that preference for considering main functional group is give as shown:

         COOH > ester> acid halide> amide>CN>CHO>C>OH>amines>ether

  • One functional group is treated as main group.
  • Other functional group (treated as substituent according to preference)

PREFIX USED FOR SECONDARY FUNCTIONAL GROUP

Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution. Class 11th Chapter wise Notes and NCERT solution for students
Organic Chemistry

NOMANCLATURE OF AROMATIC COMPOUNDS

Aromatic compounds are those which contain at least one benzene ring.

BENZENE – Hexagon of Carbon atoms with 3 alternate double Bonds.

Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
Organic Chemistry

Aryl group :- radicals obtained by removal of one or more H atom of

aromatic compounds.

Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
Organic Chemistry

Rules

  1. When benzene ring is used as substituent, it is named as phenyl (ph).
  2. Numbering can be done from any side.
  3. Substituents are written in alphabetical order.
Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
Organic Chemistry

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Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
Organic Chemistry Class 11th Chapter 12 Notes and NCERT Solution.
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